Today, with the advancements in technology, cancer is not a death sentence. There are discoveries of new medications, technologies and other surgical techniques which can help one treat cancer. Oncology is the study of different types of cancers where doctors try to target certain tumour. Although a good choice for a career is not very financially rewarding, in this article, we are going to be learning about a few facts about oncology.

Types of oncology

There are, in general, five specialities when it comes to oncology which deals with different types of treatment in treating certain cancer. They are

Medical Oncologist: This is a type of oncologists who try to treat cancer with potential drugs and treatment of chemotherapy.

Surgical Oncologist

Surgical Oncologist: The type of oncologist who removes the cancerous growth from the parts of the organs which was damaged by cancer and perform biopsies to find the right cancer diagnosis.

Nuclear Oncologist: This is a type of oncologists who uses radiation which includes the likes of X-rays and radioactive implants which can easily help destroy any kind of cancerous growth.

Paediatric oncologists: These type of oncologists deal with all the methods of treating cancer but with children.

Gynaecological oncology: This is a type of oncologists which deal with using all the three methods of treatment when it comes to women.

 Oncology training

All oncologists are medical doctors who have to earn their degree as an MD or DO. After they have their degrees, oncologists must make sure that they have complete residency training which can help them have a speciality in this training as it allows one to choose the right type of oncology. Medical oncologists need to qualify first as interns or surgical residents on the department of oncology.

Employment of oncologists

Oncologists can practice on their own or as a part of group practice. They can easily get the opportunity to work in hospitals, medical and academic medicine. The paediatric and medical oncologists have to plan their career to ensure they reach the right field after completing their fellowship and graduating to other programs focusing on clinical practices.

Employment of oncologists

Oncologist salary

The mean income of an oncologist was $295,000 whereas there are other 10% of oncologists who earned $500,000, but around 15% of them earned less than 100,000. Oncologists in the group practise, which includes other specialists who average the $347,000 per year and the oncologists’ practice on the group can have average earnings of $338,000. The academic oncologists also earn an average of $164,000, and the hospital oncologists can see average earnings of about $190,000. The average earning might vary depending on the speciality of the oncologists and the type of training they are practising.


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